(Reuters) – At least 13 people died and up to 100 were wounded on Sunday when two bombs exploded in a shopping district in Istanbul, on the eve of Constitutional Court hearings that could end with the closure of Turkey’s governing AK Party.
Following is a chronology of some of recent major attacks and bombings in Turkey:
November 15, 2003 – Thirty people are killed and 146 wounded when car bombs shatter two synagogues in Istanbul. Authorities name two men from southeast Turkey as the suicide bombers, saying the attacks bear the hallmarks of the al Qaeda network.
November 20, 2003 – Thirty-two people are killed and many wounded in two explosions in Istanbul. Part of the HSBC Bank headquarters is destroyed. The British consulate is damaged. Al Qaeda claimed responsibility for the attacks of November 15 and 20.
June 24, 2004 – Four people are killed and 15 wounded in an explosion in Istanbul, before U.S. President George W. Bush was due to arrive in the city.
July 2, 2005 – Six people are killed and 15 injured after a bomb planted by Kurdish guerrillas explodes on a train between the eastern towns of Elazig and Tatvan in Bingol province.
July 6, 2005 – A bomb rips through a minibus in the western holiday resort of Kusadasi, killing at least five people, including a British woman and an Irish woman.
February 13, 2006 – Six people are injured, one seriously, after a bomb explodes at a supermarket in Istanbul. The Kurdistan Liberation Hawks (TAK) claim responsibility for the blast and pledge more attacks.
June 25, 2006 – A blast tears through a tourist area about 100 km (60 miles) east of the southern resort of Antalya, killing four and injuring 28. The TAK claim responsibility.
August 27, 2006 – Ten Britons and six Turks are wounded when their minibus is blown up in the tourist town of Marmaris on the Mediterranean coast. Five others are hurt by two other bombs.
August 28, 2006 – Three people are killed and 87 injured in a blast in Antalya, southern Turkey. The TAK claim responsibility.
September 12, 2006 – A bomb blast kills 10 people, eight of them children, near a park in Diyarbakir, the largest city of Turkey’s restive, mainly Kurdish southeast region.
May 22, 2007 – Six Turks are killed in a suicide bombing at the entrance to a shopping mall in the historic Ulus district of Ankara. Ninety-one people are injured.
January 3, 2008 – A bomb attack on a military service vehicle outside a school kills at least five students and injures 110 in Diyarbakir.
July 9, 2008 – Three police officers are killed in a shooting outside the U.S. consulate in Istanbul.
July 27, 2008 – At least 13 people die and up to 100 are wounded when two bombs explode in the Gungoren shopping district in Istanbul.