It would mark the first time that the Arrow 3, one of Israel’s most advanced air defense systems, has been sold to another country
Germany has received approval from Israel and the United States to purchase the Arrow-3 missile defense system, The Jerusalem Post has learned.
German legislators have in the past pushed for Berlin to buy Israel’s Iron Dome system to ward off aerial threats, but on Monday the head of the German Air Force, Lt.-Gen. Ingo Gerhartz, told the Post that the Arrow 3 is the most relevant system for the threats facing the European nation.
“The Iron Dome is used for short-range threats, and we have quite a capable industry back home, and we will procure systems for that,” Gerhartz said. “And for higher interceptors, we have the Patriot weapons system that we will modernize. [But] if it means [threats at a range of ] 15,000 km. [9,320 miles] and then it is exo-atmospheric, we don’t have anything, and that is why I had a close look at the Arrow 3 and we are really interested in the system.”
The purchase of the system, which has been pushed by Chancellor Olaf Scholz, “starts with the approval of Israel and the United States – and they gave us the approval,” Gerhartz said. “They gave us the approval that we can cooperate on it. But, we still have to talk about the details.”
Should Germany buy the system, it would mark the first time that the Arrow 3, one of Israel’s most advanced air defense systems is capable of intercepting ballistic missiles at altitudes of over 100 km. (62 miles) and has a reported range of up to 2,400 km. (1,490 miles), has been sold to another country.
Russia has stationed Iskander missiles in locations that could reach many European cities like Berlin. The missiles that have been used in Ukraine fly too high to be destroyed by conventional air defense systems.
“We must all prepare ourselves for the fact that we have a neighbor that is currently prepared to use force to assert its interests. That’s why we have to work together to make sure that doesn’t happen,” Scholz said in an interview with German television last week.
Following the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, Germany increased its defense budget to 2% of the GDP and said it would set up a special €100 billion fund to swiftly upgrade its armed forces.
According to the German newspaper Bild am Sonntag, the procurement of the system, which is still under development, will cost at least €2b. The report said that it would be operational by 2025 and its Green Pine radar would be set up at three locations in Germany from where data would then be sent to NATO Air Force Combined Air Operations Center in Uedem, Germany.
Should there be a missile threat, an interceptor missile would be launched to destroy it.
The Arrow-3 development program is one of the joint programs between Israel and the United States. It was co-managed by the US Missile Defense Agency and the Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) in the Directorate of Defense R&D of the Israel Defense Ministry.
The primary contractor for the integration and development of the Arrow Weapon System is Israel Aerospace Industries’ (IAI) MALAM division, which is responsible for the radar functions; along with Elbit Systems Elisra division, which developed the firing management systems; and IAI’s TAMAM division together with IMI and Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, which jointly developed the interceptor. America’s Boeing is also a partner in the system.
The Arrow 3 is a highly maneuverable system designed to provide ultimate air defense by intercepting ballistic missiles when they are still outside of the Earth’s atmosphere. It is considered one of the world’s best interceptors due to its breakthrough technological capabilities. The Arrow 3 is the only interceptor that doesn’t carry a warhead but intercepts an incoming missile by crashing into it.
The new latest generation of the Arrow 3 system is believed to have better interceptor capabilities at a much higher altitude and much further away from the ground.
The Arrow 3 forms the uppermost layer of Israel’s multi-layered defense system along with the Arrow 2, David’s Sling and Iron Dome system. Together, the systems provide the country with a protective umbrella able to counter threats posed by both short and mid-range missiles used by terrorist groups in Gaza and Hezbollah, as well as the threat posed by more sophisticated, long-range Iranian ballistic missiles.
A State Department official told The Post that “The United States strongly supports Germany’s efforts to defend itself from missile threats. This is doubly so given the Russian Federation’s premeditated, unprovoked and unjustified further invasion of Ukraine.”
Israel’s Defense Ministry did not respond at the time of publication; IAI refused to comment.